Discoveries are continually being made that not only uncover aspects of our history, but shine a light on how they contribute to where we’ve gotten now. Remnants of the Stone Age have given us insight on how humans evolved, which involved the periods:
The following Bronze Age and Iron Age helped further develop our understanding of the past of various civilizations. However, there are still many prehistoric mysteries that boggle the minds of historians.
While multiple theories will always exist, here are some of the world’s greatest prehistoric mysteries that have yet to be solved.
1. The Carnac stones are an incredibly dense collection of more than three thousand prehistoric standing stones around the French village Carnac. The stones were erected by the pre/proto-Celtic people of Brittany during the Neolithic period. This collection is by far the largest in the world, but the purpose remains a mystery. Some people believe that this collection of stones were intended to create an observatory or calendar system. Others theorize that the stones could be primitive seismic instruments, with the balanced stones working to let villagers know of an impending earthquake.
2. The unfinished obelisk in the northern region of the stone quarries of ancient Egypt in Aswan offers some unusual observations into ancient stone-working. A massive piece of stone was being carved out of bedrock with the intentions of being erected as an obelisk. However, the obelisk was never finished, which is likely due to the cracks that emerged during the stone-working. Still, the obelisk would have been a full third larger than any other ancient obelisk weighing 1,200 tons and standing 137 feet high. The biggest question that remains is how the Egyptians planned on moving or erecting the monument considering such a task would only be possible by few modern cranes that exist today.
3. In Spain, the Dolmens of Antequera, are underground passages to burial sites with entrances above ground. The Dolmens: Cueva de Menga, Cueva de Viera, and the Tholos of El Romeral are some of the largest dolmens in the word. Considering that some of the largest rocks used in the construction of these dolmens weighed up to 180 tons, how these stones were transported remains a mystery. There is also artwork along the walls of the dolmens that many experts theorize has cultural significance.
4. The megalithic temple complex from the Neolithic on the Mediterranean island of Gozo, Ġgantija, is the world’s second oldest manmade religious structure. Experts believe that Ġgantija was possibly the site of a fertility cult due to the multiple figurines and statuettes discovered there. However, considering this was a time befor metal tools were available, how these temples were constructed has many archeologists scratching their heads.
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