According to the CDC, 30.3 million of the U.S. population has diabetes. This includes 23.1 million who are diagnosed and 7.2 million who are undiagnosed. The CDC also states that 33.9% of the U.S. population has prediabetes. With that said, it’s important to recognize the early symptoms of diabetes.
The difficulty is that most early symptoms of diabetes can be so mild that most people just brush them off. The issue with this is that when they finally get problems, it’s usually caused by long-term damage.
Below are the top early signs of diabetes that should never be ignored.
Fatigue & Hunger: The food that you eat is converted into glucose which your cells use as energy. But to do this, your body needs insulin. According to WebMD, if the cells resist the insulin, the energy cannot get to the cells. This means you have no energy.
Frequent Urination: The average person urinates 4-7 times in a 24-hour span. WebMD states that this occurs because diabetes pushes your blood sugar up. The kidneys may not be able to bring the blood sugar down, so the body needs more fluids, which leads to more urination.
Weight Loss: The Mayo Clinic states that when you lose sugar from frequent urination, you also lose calories. Also, diabetes may prevent sugar from your food from reaching your cells. Together, both of these can cause weight loss.
Dry Mouth: When you urinate, your body uses a lot of fluids. So if you’re urinating frequently, there is less moisture for other things. This can cause you to dehydrate, and you may have a dry mouth, according to WebMD.
Blurred Vision: High levels of blood sugar can take fluids from certain tissues, your eyes included. The Mayo Clinic indicates that if left untreated, diabetes can cause new blood vessels to form in your retina and damage established vessels.
Cuts Are Not Healing: High blood sugar can affect your blood flow over time. WebMD mentions that this can cause nerve damage, which makes it hard for your body to heal wounds.
Tingling In the Hands & Feet: The Mayo Clinic indicates that excess blood sugar can cause nerve damage. Nerve damage can cause tingling and pain in the hands & feet.
Dark Patches of Skin: Everyday Health indicates that acanthosis nigricans, which is a skin condition that creates dark patches of skin commonly on the neck or armpit, is a sign of diabetes.